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Dental Sealants Can Help Keep Your Child's Teeth Healthy

Although I love my daughter, I have never loved how sneaky she can be. After she kept coming home from dental checkups with cavities, I told her that candy had to stay out of our house until her checkups improved. Well, she found a loophole in our agreement, and she kept eating candy at friends' houses and at school. I realized I was fighting a losing battle, so I asked her dentist what we could do. He told me that she was a good candidate for a dental sealant that coated her teeth and protected them from decay. I could not believe there was such an easy way to help improve her smile. I had the sealant applied to her molars, and she hasn't had a cavity since! I created this blog to spread the word about how well dental sealants can work to help preserve children's smiles.

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Dental Sealants Can Help Keep Your Child's Teeth Healthy

What You Need to Know About Pseudomembranous Candidiasis

by Vera Bradley

Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by an overgrowth of Candida organisms inside the mouth. There are many different types of candidiasis, but the most common type is pseudomembranous candidiasis, also known as thrush. Here are four things you need to know about this infection.

What are the signs of pseudomembranous candidiasis?

If you develop this infection, you will notice that you have white patches on the surface of your oral tissues, like your tongue or the insides of your cheeks. The lesions are white and look like milk curds. The lesions are confluent, meaning that they grow together to form larger lesions. If you try to wipe away the lesions, they will come off, but the area underneath will be red and raw, and may bleed.

Why does it occur?

About 80% of healthy people have Candida organisms inside their mouths. These organisms are normally not a problem, but if the environment inside your mouth changes, they can become an opportunistic pathogen and lead to infection. Many different factors can change the environment inside your mouth to make it more habitable for the Candida organisms. Here are some factors that can be involved:

  • Immunosuppression, which can be caused by things like HIV infection or organ transplantation
  • Wearing dentures, retainers, or other dental appliances
  • Using a steroid inhaler, such as for asthma treatments
  • Eating a high sugar diet, as this provides more food for the fungi
  • Having dry mouth disorder, as saliva helps to control fungi and other organisms inside your mouth
  • Taking antibiotics

How is it treated?

Pseudomembranous candidiasis is treated with antifungal medications. You may be given pills, lozenges, or mouth rinse. If you're given medicated mouth rinse, you will need to swish it around your mouth and then swallow it.

Sometimes, Candida is antifungal-resistant, so other medications will need to be used. If your infection doesn't respond to antifungal medication, your dentist may need to give you other medications, like amphotericin B. This medication is very strong and can cause serious side effects, so it is a last resort treatment.

How can you prevent a recurrence?

Since Candida is naturally found in your mouth, you will need to address the factors that allowed it to overgrow to prevent a recurrence of the infection in the future. For example, if you wear dentures or other dental appliances, you may need to disinfect them more frequently or more thoroughly so that Candida cannot grow on your appliance. If dry mouth disorder played a role in this infection, you will need to take steps to keep your mouth moist, like using artificial saliva or dry mouth toothpaste.

If you think you have pseudomembranous candidiasis, see a dentist, such as Penticton Dental Centre, right away.

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